[IRTalk] AmeliCA vs Plan S: Same target, two different strategies to achieve Open Access

Ina Smith Ina at assaf.org.za
Sun Jan 27 23:38:23 SAST 2019


On 4 September 2018, a group of national research funding organizations, with the support of the European Commission and the European Research Council (ERC), announced the launch of COAlition S<https://www.coalition-s.org/>, an initiative to make full and immediate Open Access (OA) to research publications a reality. It is built around Plan S<https://www.coalition-s.org/about/>, which consists of one target and 10 principles (Science Europe, 2019).<http://www.amelica.org/en/index.php/2019/01/10/amelica-vs-plan-s-mismo-objetivo-dos-estrategias-distintas-para-lograr-el-acceso-abierto/#bibliografia> The target is:

"By 2020 scientific publications that result from research funded by public grants provided by participating national and European research councils and funding bodies, must be published in compliant Open Access Journals or on compliant Open Access Platforms. "

At the same time but in another region of the world AmeliCA<http://www.amelica.org/en/> was brewing, the extension of REDALYC's philosophy, knowledge and technology to the Global South<https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01816693v1> (Becerril-Garcia & Aguado-Lopez, 2018).<http://www.amelica.org/en/index.php/2019/01/10/amelica-vs-plan-s-mismo-objetivo-dos-estrategias-distintas-para-lograr-el-acceso-abierto/#bibliografia> AmeliCA is a multi-institutional community-driven initiative supported by UNESCO<https://es.unesco.org/> that arises in response to the international, regional, national and institutional contexts of Open Access, which seeks a collaborative, sustainable, protected and non-commercial solution for Open Knowledge in Latin America and the Global South (AmeliCA, 2018).<http://www.amelica.org/en/index.php/2019/01/10/amelica-vs-plan-s-mismo-objetivo-dos-estrategias-distintas-para-lograr-el-acceso-abierto/#bibliografia> This institution of Commons was launched at the Conference of CLACSO on November 21, 2018, in the "UNESCO Special Forum: Democratization of academic knowledge. The challenges for open access to knowledge. "<https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2iVHxu9TjWw>

Firstly, both initiatives have a common goal: to make Open Access a reality. However, Plan S and AmeliCA imply two very different visions and two conceptualizations on the circulation of scientific knowledge. What is the main difference between them? How is it possible that, arising almost simultaneously and with the same goal, some of their proposed strategies are counterposed?

Ina Smith
Project Manager: African Open Science Platform<http://africanopenscience.org.za/>
Academy of Science of South Africa (ASSAf)
DOAJ Ambassador, Southern Africa Region<https://blog.doaj.org/2016/09/07/the-doaj-ambassadors-biographies/>
LIASA Librarian of the Year 2016<https://loy2016blog.wordpress.com/>

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